Sport is life, with all its victories and failures, injuries and climbing (if you're lucky, of course) on a pedestal. Life in sports is fleeting, a new generation of understudies and substitutes is coming, and you have to decide whether to leave undefeated or defeated. Any sport is often dangerous. Take Formula 1, hockey, wrestling, figure skating, injuries sustained in sports have been going on for years. But the reason why there are no long-livers among athletes, I consider doping. Several years ago I was the head of the thesis "Doping in Sports." Studying the material, I found the results of one survey of athletes, which surprised me very much. The question sounded like this: "If you knew that by using doping you would become an Olympic champion or world champion and die in 10 years, after that, would you use doping?" 60% of the athletes surveyed said "Yes". This is the price of a champion title, the price of love for an athlete. How can we not recall the American runner, three-time Olympic champion Griffith Joyner, who died at the age of 38. She was never confirmed to have used doping, maybe they did not want to. There are few long-livers among athletes, but they are. Larisa Latynina and Nikita Simonyan, and of course our famous coaches, who were also athletes - Elena Chaikovskaya (80 years old), Jutta Muller (91 years old).
Physical education and sports are exactly opposite concepts. The first strengthens health, the second destroys it. Of course, athletes are well aware of this and therefore try to end their careers before they begin to poison their lives and health. However, injuries and pathologies acquired in youth can still make themselves felt later. So it is better for any athlete to weigh the pros and cons in advance and not ignore the alarming signals of his body in order to stop in time.
Hello. end their sports life, then they stop doing any sports at all. Talking to one champion in powerlifting, I found out that as soon as the victories and pedestals are over, then his classes will end, completely. He said that he sees the point of training only when there is a result, there are competitions, but he cannot just practice, he has already tried it.
In general, for health, one does not need to do record races and swims, but just do a little more than in ordinary life. For example, if you don’t need twine for your life, well, you have such a job, then you don’t need to try to do it, just do regular stretching. And so on.
In general, you need to be regularly checked by a doctor to understand where the loads are taking you, to sports results or to health.
In general, everyone has different ways. The reasons can be completely different.
There are few long-livers because athletes are engaged for athletic performance, and not to increase life expectancy. In general, usually, when athletes lose their goal, that is, they end their sports life, they stop doing any kind of sports at all. Talking to one champion in powerlifting, I found out that as soon as the victories and pedestals are over, then his classes will end, completely. He said that he sees the point of training only when there is a result, there is competition, but he cannot just practice, he has already tried it. In general, for health, one should not do record races and ordinary life. For example, if you don’t need twine for your life, well, you have such a job, then you don’t need to try to do it, just do regular stretching. And so on. In general, you need to be regularly checked by a doctor in order to understand where the loads are taking you, to sports results or to health. I will make a reservation right away that your sports results, such as pulling yourself up 20 times instead of three, are sports results only for you, and not on a global scale. So, such "results" can lead to health.
There are such funny words that are walking among the people.
Physical education heals, and sports cripples.
The commentators above have already described what these words mean.
The organism has a limited resource. The cells of an organism can divide a finite number of times (the so-called highfleck limit). Besides the fact that the heart muscle is unique and cannot be restored. , it has a finite number of abbreviations - about a billion. Going in for sports, we speed up the metabolism (metabolism) and thereby reduce the already small resource of the body. The heart increases in size, is scarred, replaced by connective tissue and reduces functionality. The same happens to the vessels. Athletes live much less, it is a completely scientific fact. But this does not mean at all that there is no unique athlete who has lived for a hundred years and will be used to promote a healthy lifestyle. How many did not live to see 50?
Because sports are harmful (and should not be confused with physical education).
Professional sports are excessive loads, a special diet, not always healthy, heavy training and injuries and, of course, the use of sports chemicals, which distorts the work of the endocrine system and adds + a lot to the risk of cancer. And also the harm from the sudden cessation of training, drug and alcohol addiction (oh, yes, athletes get drunk and get old very quickly) and, often, the consequences of promiscuous sexual intercourse among stars.
How to become a long-liver with such a list of harmful factors ?
Why are there so few long-livers among ordinary people?
Those who look after their health live longer. Those who do not follow - accordingly, less.
In sports, as nowhere else, health comes first in importance , without it it is difficult to talk about any high achievements. And all high-level professional athletes should undergo regular medical examinations. But are there many of those who are "soared" about health while it is in bulk in their youth? - That's another question. And here, in terms of health, the correlation is rather weak between athletes and non-athletes.
If you do everything right, you can safely go in for sports and physical education at least until you are 100 years old. But not a professional sport , which involves doping (in 99% of cases). Since the record set with its help it is extremely unlikely that it is possible to break "outside" (but I am not saying that this is impossible).
Thus, harm can be caused by a combination of doping and overloading (well, and injuries from which no one is immune, not even athletes.)
People who do not take doping do not need overload! It's counter-productive in terms of progress. The load should be sufficient, but not excessive. And in such a situation, except for improving the state of health, no negative processes can occur.
P.S. In DENIS'a RUL's answer, one can only agree with points 4 and 6. To all the rest I would like to answer that the body has such a property as ADAPTATION to stress. For example, in terms of hormones - under the influence of training, the endocrine glands produce them in greater quantities, but this does not mean that they will ever run out in them, this means that the hormonal glands will adapt to such a load, increasing their productivity (but subject to sufficient and not excessive loads ). And this is what allows a person to maintain health longer, since, for example, an increase in the level of growth hormone leads to a rejuvenation of the body and an improvement in immunity (therefore, Hollywood stars use it additionally and look many years younger than their age). The same can be said about other body systems. And the fact that nutrients go mostly to the muscles, and not to the brain - this could only be said by a person who has never been involved in physical activity. This is probably why all athletes are stupid and all non-athletes are "smart" [sarcasm].
Here you can give a simple analogy, our body is like a car, it can be accelerated, or you can drive with speed limits, but in both cases, at the end of the breakdown, only the one on which they drive along the highway and completely use it will become unusable faster and with the body. Imagine you live a whole life and your heart rate rises only up to 80 beats per minute only when walking, up to 140 single and short-term cases, but for cyclists 6 days a week for 3-4 hours a day for 11 months 140 beats per minute this is the minimum, and they are racing for more than one year. Physical education hasn't hurt anyone yet, but sport is different.
I would not say that there is any clear correlation between the level of athletic performance and mortality. Everything here mainly depends on the level of medicine in the country and the attitude towards one's own health (a clear example is the players of the USSR and Canadian national teams from the 72 super series: the Canadians who left are almost as many as there are survivors in our team, although all people are by no means elderly; or compare the peers of Massimo Carrera and Paul Gascoigne). There are not so few long-livers among athletes, well-being Bill Russell, Just Fontaine and Nikita Simonyan immediately came to mind
Huge loads? Injuries? Psychological pressure? firstly, athletes live on wear and tear, for them the goal is just a healthy body, but this body is quickly depleting its limit. and centenarians use other ways of maintaining health (fresh air, minimum stress, certain healthy food in moderation, etc.)
1) Large loads on the body, in particular, on the heart.
2) Tiring workouts destroy the nervous system.
3) The body's energy is directed to the muscles. Less nutrients enter the brain.
4) Injuries. Especially typical for fighters, hockey players, and so on.
5) Lack of hormones.
6) The use of doping and other means to "accelerate" the body.
If he is talking about professional athletes, then the reason is simple. Huge loads, many injuries, a frantic schedule. Is it worth talking about psychological pressure, mental trauma due to victory or loss. In addition, many athletes start themselves out of the sport, which also has consequences. As a result, professionals have a very high probability of seriously undermining their health.
If he speaks of amateurs and those who play sports in a reasonable manner, then there are enough long-livers among them.
And lastly, no one is immune from insurmountable situations and various diseases. The athlete's body is just a little more stable, but it will not withstand a KAMAZ strike in any case.