Chess was invented in India, but who exactly is unknown. Most likely it was a person who was bored and decided to come up with such a game out of boredom.
Some publications say with confidence that chess appeared in India sometime in the 6th century AD. e. Even at the beginning of the 20th century, one could read about this in the book "History of Chess" by Harold Murray. Yes, the game was invented there and at that time, but it was invented much earlier. Scientists have seriously taken up the study of this topic and have found many different versions, which sometimes surprise with facts.
If we consider India as the ancestor of chess, it is worth recalling the well-known legend about the Raja and the Brahmin. After numerous campaigns, victories and defeats, the ruler was tired and sad. The Raja ordered his advisers and sages to come up with fun for him, for which he allotted 3 days and nights. Nobody could satisfy and interest him, except for a humble peasant who brought a board with cells and wooden figures. When the Rajah found out the conditions of the game, his joy knew no bounds.
This was what they had been trying to find for so long. In return, the peasant demanded a modest reward - a few grains of wheat. But he set a condition: the number should increase with each cell of the board (1 cell - 1 seed, 2 cells - 2, 3 cells - 22, 4 cells - 23, ..., 64 cells - 264). At first, the Raja made fun of the stupid Brahmin, but only then did he realize his mistake. There is no such amount of grain on the entire planet, because after calculations, the final amount is - 1.8 * 1019. This board was the battlefield of modern chess, which in Persian means “the death of the king”.
There is another option - a Korean legend. Sometime 4500 years ago, the prototype of modern chess was a game that the formidable king of Mesopotamia, Ravan, invented for his beloved wife Mandodari. He had to be absent for a long time due to numerous trips, so his wife was often sad. Chess interested all the inhabitants of the palace so much that it spread all over the world (India, China, Korea).
Curiously, there is real documentary evidence of this. At the beginning of the 20th century, von Bork proved that there was a prototype for the game. According to him, it appeared in 1250 BC. e. in Hindustan. It was played by representatives of the local tribe, who borrowed the ancient fun in Elam (today's southwestern Iran).
Now it is impossible to establish this for sure, because at that time people could combine different games under the word chess: dice, backgammon, chaupara or pachisi. All of these options have one thing in common - a square or cross-shaped board. We can only guess which one was the first.
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